10 of the greatest small breeds of quadrupeds

Small breeds of dogs are perfect for an apartment in a block of flats. See the most popular small dogs that don’t mind their small space. Some love them, others look at them with a grain of salt – small dogs look cute and it’s impossible not to fall in love with them, but their small size does not always mean that they are easy and cheap to maintain. Some of the little dogs need more attention and activity than the big four-legged friends!

Why do we love little dogs?

Small breed dogs are adorable – some have a forever puppy look ! They eat less than large dogs, and you can transport them easily in a carrier if needed. They are usually chosen for home with small children – due to their small dimensions, they do not hurt them with their weight and strength while playing. Another major advantage of small dogs is that they do not need much space to live . Therefore, they will feel great in an apartment in a block of flats! So if you want to have a canine friend, but you live in a block of flats and you are afraid that your pet will get tired – choose a representative of a small breed. As a rule, they need less exercise than their larger colleagues. Before choosing a pet, find out well about its needs, character and requirements – appearance is not everything. Regardless of size, every dog ​​needs a lot of attention , unconditional love, and engaging walks.

Top 10 pets that are perfect not only for the block!

We present 10 breeds of small dogs that are friendly, gentle by nature, and do not have great needs for physical activity . These dogs are perfect for families with young children! Here they are:

Chihuahua

Do you need a companion dog? Get yourself a Chihuahua! This is one of the most popular domestic dog breeds that is native to Mexico .

  • Size and weight

It comes in two basic varieties: long-haired and short-haired. Chihuahua measures only 25 cm and weighs between 500 and 3000 g, so handle it carefully . A distinctive feature of this breed is the apple head with an ungrown fontanel.

  • Nature

Although he looks very inconspicuous, he is quite temperamental (hyperactive according to some), brash (after all, a descendant of dogs known as Techichi, who live at the courts of Aztec rulers) and nosy. He quickly becomes attached to his master and loves to be pampered by him, but unfortunately he does not like the company of strangers.

  • Health and care

It is worth being aware that dogs are genetically prone to neurological and anatomical anomalies (patellar dislocation), so the owner should often go for walks with them .

Japanese Chin

If you want a pet that will love you at first sight, does not destroy anything in the apartment, is cheap to maintain and easy to care for, opt for Japanese china. This is a domestic dog breed that is originally from Korea, although some sources have reported it to be from Japan.

  • Size and weight

Dog has from 25 to 28 cm tall and weighs 3 to 4 kg. Its characteristic feature is a smiling face that slightly resembles a human face. He has a white coat with black or red patches. This is one of the dog breeds with hair – its body, except for the head, is covered with abundant hair, which it unfortunately loses everywhere.

  • Nature

It requires caring and affection, but it should not be pampered too much as it may become cocky. The Japanese Chin is lively, sociable and mischievous , loves to play at home and in the open air, which is why it belongs to the breeds of dogs ideal for children.

Pug

Are you looking for a dog that will be truly devoted to you? Buy a pug! This is one of the most popular dog breeds in Poland . The country of origin of these extremely intelligent, balanced and affectionate quadrupeds is China . They appeared in Europe probably thanks to the Portuguese and the Dutch. In the 17th century they reached England, where it is called “pug” (from the Latin word pugnus – fist). The pug belongs to the breed of small dogs , as it reaches a height of 35 cm and weighs from 6 to 8 kg . It is distinguished by a large head, wrinkled muzzle, small, delicate ears, square, stocky build and of course a swaying gait.

  • Nature

Pugs are very social, cheerful, sensitive, composed and friendly dogs, which is why they are considered to be one of the dog breeds ideal for children. They have a very good memory – even after many years they are able to recognize a person with whom they had to deal with, even for a moment.

  • Health

For those who would like to spend time actively with their pet, we advise against buying a pug, because he is not an athlete – because of the brachycephalic structure of his mouth, he quickly runs out of breath .

Bichon frize

If you dream of a doggie with the appearance of a sweet, plush ball , this breed will be the embodiment of your desires. Originally from the Canary Islands, this pet was the favorite of salon ladies in Europe and North America as early as around the 14th century. Besides, its very name ” Bichon ” means a lapdog in French.

  • Appearance and weight

Its maximum height is 30 cm with a body weight of 5-6 kg.

  • Nature

The Bichon firse is a dog that is very sensitive, affectionate and cheerful. He loves to cuddle up to his owner, quickly becomes attached to him and misses him when he is left alone at home. He is gentle in dealing with strangers, usually welcomes guests, although he can also be moody . He likes to spend his time playing and walking, learns quickly and is intelligent. You can train agility with him . He gets along with other animals without any problems . However, it is very delicate and you have to be careful not to let any other quadruped (including a cat) hurt him.

  • Health and care

Its long, curly, down-like hair requires combing 2-3 times a week, bathing once a month and cutting once every 2-3 months. It is also worth knowing that this breed is prone to plugging of the tear ducts . Yellow tear marks on the hair under the eyes must be wiped off with special fluids. In addition, sometimes dogs of this breed suffer from allergies.

Chinese crested dog

One theory of its origin is that it comes from a cross between a Mexican naked dog and a chihuahua . Interestingly, in one litter of crested dogs , both hairy and naked dogs are born .

  • Size and weight

Reaches a height of 33 cm with a maximum weight of 5.5 kg .

  • Nature

Although he has a rather eccentric appearance, he is an ordinary pooch with a lot of advantages by nature. He is gentle, level-headed, and always playful (can be taught many tricks). He likes walking, but does not require much exercise. He is very attached to his owner and likes to show him his affection. He feels good around children and is gentle with them. However, he is reserved towards strangers, which makes him seem haughty. Some people complain that he is too barking – he must inform his owner about everything.

  • Health and care

This dog is expensive to buy, but daily maintenance is not very expensive. Its care consists in washing naked skin and moisturizing with a special conditioner. Unfortunately, in summer you have to lubricate it with UV filters so that it does not get burned by the sun. In winter, you need to provide him with warm clothes so that he does not freeze.

Pekingese

This breed is good for inactive people and seniors. Legend has it that it comes from a lion, from which he inherited his main character traits: courage, balance, bravery and the ability to get his own way .

  • Size and weight

These dogs reach a height of about 20 cm and are quite massive , weighing up to 5.4 kg.

  • Nature

These quadrupeds are very attached to their owner. However, they do not require his constant attention. They also don’t have a lot of traffic , so you don’t have to go for long walks with them. Their advantage is that they are not barking, which is rare in the case of small dogs.

  • Health and care

Coarse Pekingese hair requires careful care – preferably daily brushing. Unfortunately, these dogs usually do not last long. They are genetically burdened with many diseases : eyeball prolapse, corneal ulceration, hydrocephalus, birth problems, heart disease, breathing difficulties and cleft palate.

Maltese

This is one of the oldest companion breeds and in general one of the oldest small dog breeds in the world . Originally bred as a small dog used by the lower class for rodent hunting, only later loved by the aristocracy as a parlor dog.

  • Size and weight

The Maltese is a small male, measuring up to 25 cm and weighing 2-4 kg. It is only available in white – although an ivory shade is also allowed . Its trademark is a long (up to 22 cm), silky hair, which requires regular care.

  • Nature

The Maltese is a dog with a cheerful, cheerful disposition, who loves the company of a human being. He loves to lie on his lap and sleep in his owners’ bed. He is also very sensitive, he does not take it well when someone raises his voice to him. Eager to play and learn (learn tricks easily). He likes long walks, but if the owner does not have time for it, chasing the ball at home is enough. He reacts well to children, but you have to be careful not to let them hurt him, because he is very fragile.

  • Health and care

The real challenge for a Maltese owner is grooming his coat. She needs to be combed, curled and bathed regularly. If, however, the dog is not exposed, it can be clipped, which will make the entire care easier and the dog will have more freedom of movement. It is also worth adding that the Maltese is a long-lived dog (lives 15-20 years) , and what is extremely important, it is not burdened with genetic diseases.

Butterfly

If you dream of a friendly dog ​​with a beautiful, unique appearance – choose a Papillon with ears resembling the spread wings of a butterfly . Originally, these dogs had drooping ears (this breed, called phalene, still exists today). As a result of crossbreeding with small spitz, individuals with erect ears appeared, giving them a characteristic appearance.

  • Size and weight

These dogs reach a height of 28 cm with a weight of 2.5-5 kg .

  • Nature

Papillon is very alert and confident. He likes to play and walks. You get the feeling that you can’t sit still in one place. His inquisitive nature puts him at the center of family life. He is very emotional (he often demands caresses) and is strongly attached to his owner (he can also be possessive towards him). It tolerates other pets well and is gentle with children. However, he can be aggressive towards foreign dogs he meets on a walk.

  • Health and care

It is generally resistant and healthy. It keeps its good condition until old age. His hair, although long, does not require complicated care treatments. It is enough to brush it 1-2 times a week and, if necessary, bathe in a shampoo designed for dogs with long hair.

Yorkshire terrier

I don’t think this dog needs any introduction. Yorkshire terrier is one of the most popular companion dogs today. Interestingly, it cannot boast of a good origin – it appeared in the mid-nineteenth century as a result of crossbreeding of various English, Scottish and other terriers, as a small efficient rat catcher kept by the English proletariat .

  • Size and weight

Currently, it is much smaller than it was originally ( measures 18-23 cm and weighs 1.5-3 kg) and impresses with its elegant appearance.

  • Nature

It is a dog with a very great temperament, which can quickly climb its owner (if the owner allows it, of course). He feels very comfortable on the couch or the lap of the owner with whom he is boundlessly attached. He doesn’t need long walks, but he enjoys playing in the park. In the least expected moment, however, he can remember his hunting roots and attack even much larger animals.

  • Health and care

Yorkies are usually long-lived dogs (they live up to 16 years), but some individuals of this breed may be prone to diseases of the eyes , trachea and patellar dislocation. Their hair should be combed daily.

Miniature Spitz

If you are looking for a companion dog with a sweet appearance and a nice disposition, consider getting a Miniature Spitz. This little dog has a really great spirit ! The Miniature Spitz comes from northern Germany, where it was already seen in the 16th century. It was then much larger and less elegant. We owe the breed’s present appearance to English breeders who contributed to its miniaturization and created, from miniature spitz, called by them pomeranian (both names are recognized), elegant companion dogs .

  • Size and weight

Adult dogs measure only 18-22 cm with a weight of 1.5-3 kg .

  • Nature

The Miniature Spitz has a happy, lively disposition. He is mobile, curious, ubiquitous, endowed with great temperament and enormous courage. Constantly needs human contact. She doesn’t take loneliness well. He is friendly towards all household members – he does not favor anyone. Wary of strangers, reluctant to make new friends. At the same time, he is very vigilant, he will hear every murmur and let the owner know about it. Unfortunately, it gives the impression of a noisy dog.

  • Health and care

The advantage of this breed is good health and longevity. The only thing you need to be careful about is its sensitivity to heat and harsh sun. On hot summer days, it is best to provide him with a lair in the shade. Its fluffy hair is not difficult to maintain – it is enough to comb it thoroughly once a week.