Calf cramps don’t happen to everyone. They mainly affect people who practice sports intensively and pregnant women. The main reason for their occurrence is the deficiency of mineral elements, as well as the consumption of too much caffeine, which is famous for flushing out valuable minerals from the body. Anything else you should know?
Causes of calf cramps
Cramps in the calves are synonymous with a change in the length and tension of the calf muscle fibers. The fibers tighten and the muscles harden, which for a person means an unpleasant feeling, even pain in the calf. Cramps are primarily caused by the insufficient amount of mineral elements, i.e. sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium ions. It is closely related to composing an inappropriate diet, inadequately diversified and not providing all the necessary nutrients. Lovers of coffee and energy drinks also need to be careful, because thanks to them, macronutrients are removed from the body faster and the acid-base balance of the body is disturbed. People who regularly drink alcoholic drinks may also experience cramps. The cause of calf pain may also be taking medications or dietary supplements with a slimming, laxative and diuretic effect. This is due to ingredients selected during their production, which have a negative effect on the body. It is often the bane of athletes and people who spend long hours every day at the gym or perform other physical activity. Overtraining your body will not only result in muscle pain called soreness, but you will likely experience calf cramps as well.
Calf cramps – this can be serious
However, the causes of calf cramps listed above are not the only ones. This ailment can be associated with many diseases, one of which is diabetes. A person struggling with diabetes may notice damage to, for example, arterial vessels in the legs, which turns into inadequate blood supply to the limbs. Many people live with diabetes without even knowing about it, so lack of sensation in the legs, numbness of the limbs and cramps should be consulted with a doctor as soon as possible, as they may indicate a developing condition.
Calf cramps also indicate hypertension, due to which the selected limbs do not receive good blood supply or their innervation is disturbed. The last reason may be the newly emerging varicose veins, which are usually connected with heavy legs and their swelling.