Dracaena – a plant with unusual properties

You don’t have dracaena yet? It’s high time to put it on the windowsill. It is perfect for living as it enriches the air with moisture, absorbs harmful chemicals and limits the development of microbes in the air. Dracaena was once called dracaena, from the dragon dracaena – the tree that exudes red, blood-like sap. The homeland of the plant is the Canary Islands, Madagascar, areas of Asia, Africa. The genus includes about 20 species. In nature, dracaena is large trees that reach a height of several meters. Depending on the species, the leaves can be green or multi-colored. Dracaena is often confused with cordilin. Plants can be easily distinguished by their roots. Cordillin roots are white, bulbous, and dracaena orange-yellow.

Pick a dracaena a good place

Dracaena likes warm and bright places, but not too sunny. The harsh sun can cause burns, especially on the striped leaves of some species. In a southern room, it is best to place it about 3 meters from the window. Although it tolerates dry air well, it must be sprinkled, especially in winter, with decalcified water. It should stand in a warm room all year round. In summer, you can expose the plant to light rain, but you must bring it back home immediately after such a shower.

How to water dracaena

Dracaena can withstand a lot of neglect, but the most harmful thing is excess moisture, which causes the roots to rot. We water them little so that the soil is only slightly moist, not allowing the substrate to dry out completely. The plant does not tolerate excess water on the stand, so when the water runs out of the pot it should be poured out. When the dracaena is too wet, its leaves wilt. Then it should be transplanted to fresh soil and watered moderately.

Does dracaena need replanting?

Yes. We regularly replant Dracaena, young specimens, even every year, always in the spring, in the period from February to April-May to slightly larger pots. The soil should be humus, rich in nutrients. Flowers that are too high can be cut off the top and new seedlings can be made.

Further care

The lower leaves of the dracaena age and fall off over time. You should not be alarmed by this. Some varieties, such as fragrant dracaena, grows very quickly under favorable conditions and can reach several meters after a few years. It is worth taking this into account when buying a new plant.

Dracaena species best for home growing:

  • Dracaena fragrant (Dracaena fragrans). It has leaves with multi-colored stripes. Several years old specimens bred in good conditions produce fragrant flowers.
  • Edged dracaena (Dracaena marginata) forms a plume of narrow, arched leaves that can be green with a reddish-brown margin or with pink-cream-green stripes.
  • Dracaena deremensis (Dracaena deremensis) forms leaves with a white border.
  • Dracaena curved (Dracaena reflexa) has olive green leaves with a cream edging.