Durable flowers for the balcony are not afraid of dryness or wind. They are not afraid of low temperatures at night. The most resistant flowers for a balcony include petunias, geraniums, begonias, koleus, osteospermum. The balcony or terrace can be decorated with flowers that are durable and resistant to capricious weather. Regardless of the amount of sunlight, we can distinguish 5 most durable varieties that will be a graceful decoration of the balcony.
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Geraniums perfect for a sunny balcony
Bed geraniums are the most durable and the easiest to grow . They are able to store water in the shoots and leaves, therefore they can survive short periods of drought, even in hot weather. In order for them to bloom profusely, they need to be watered regularly and abundantly, even twice a day on hot days : in the morning and in the evening. You can add the conditioner to the water once a week. Geraniums are hardy garden plants that like warmth, so they are perfect flowers for a sunny balcony . It is worth planting them in a special soil for pelargonium, enriched with the necessary nutrients, or granulated fertilizer with a long-acting effect added to the substrate. To extend the flowering time, you should also regularly remove dried inflorescences . Good to know that there are also “self-cleaning” varieties that do not require it.
Osteospermum with strong stems
This hardy flower for balcony comes from Africa and is sometimes called the African daisy . It grows to a height of 30 cm, has a compact habit and raised shoots. Osteospermum is highly bushy – it reaches a width of approx. 40 cm. It blooms continuously throughout the summer. Requires a sunny, quiet and warm place and well-drained soil. It is a very durable balcony flower thanks to its strong stems, but although it likes warmth, the African daisy needs to be watered regularly, but moderately because it does not like excess moisture. When it’s too wet, its roots can rot. This hardy balcony plant will bloom even more profusely when you fertilize the soil with compound fertilizer . It does not need to be trimmed, but it is worth removing faded inflorescences – it accelerates the formation of new flowers and the propagation of plants.
Petunia with delicate flowers
At first, this plant only grew abundantly in sunny southern countries. Over time, varieties were bred that corresponded to a slightly cooler climate, and in recent years also numerous varieties of cascade, miniature forms with original colors and patterns – we are talking about beautiful surfinias. Petunias like a sunny place and humus, permeable soil with the addition of sand. The latter prevents the soil from compacting and is better aerated. The enormous mass of leaves and flowers requires that petunias should be watered abundantly and the soil should not be too dry. These durable balcony flowers need up to 3 waterings and regular fertilization on hot days. It is best to use multi-component liquid mixtures dedicated to petunias and surfinia. You can add them to the water with each watering.
Begonia – perfect for a shaded balcony
Begonias are flowers for the balcony, resistant to wind and sunlight. They have strong, fleshy stems, which means that, unlike other balcony neighbors (e.g. surfinia), they bravely withstand real winds. Begonia likes shade, but can also cope with sunny balconies. It decorates balustrades mainly because of beautiful, decorative leaves and is arranged with a smaller size, velvet. Its homeland is tropical humid forests, so it grows best in light soil rich in humus, it does not complain about downpours and shallow pots. Note that they should be wide, as most varieties have a richly branched root system. Also, make sure that the water you water the begonia is completely free of calcium.
Koleus – a plant with ornamental leaves
Its leaves slightly resemble the leaves of the common nettle , hence the plant is commonly called the American or Brazilian urticaria. Koleus is a hardy flower for the balcony and very easy to grow . It grows to a height of 50-80 cm. It produces inconspicuous, blue flowers gathered in top clusters , which looks simply beautiful. It grows well in sheltered, sunny or slightly shaded places in humus, moist, well-drained soil. In moderate sun the leaves color intensively. And when the koleus has too much shade, it loses color and turns green. Too much sun harms light-leaved varieties . You have to take care that the soil does not dry out too much. The plant sheds its leaves when it lacks moisture. It is best to water it regularly with standing water. From April to September it is also good to feed with universal fertilizer once a week. An important procedure that is worth carrying out from time to time is removing the tops of the shoots. Koleus is a graceful and durable balcony plant, therefore it will pay back nicely for all care treatments: it will branch out, take on a compact, dense habit. Annual plants are the most beautiful , so it is best to make cuttings from their tops in the spring, when new shoots emerge. They take root easily.