Lazing on the beach, working in the fresh air, walking even in a shady park, hiking in the mountains – all these situations are conducive to sunburn. Sunburn is a common problem. Almost everyone knows the burning sensation, burning sensation and the pain caused by being in the sun for too long and too much. How to deal with them and how to avoid them? Read on.
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Sunburns – what are they?
Burns are a reaction, or rather the result of damage to the skin as a result of operating on it by UV rays. Burns can also occur as a result of using the solarium. Children, infants and people with very fair skin are particularly vulnerable to burns. Light skin, light or red hair, freckles present, and a tendency to discoloration and melanocytic changes are the phenotype that is conducive to sunburn. People with darker complexion with dark hair and olive skin are less likely to get sunburn. However, this does not mean that they can stay in the sun forever. They are also at risk of burns, discoloration, and even skin cancer – melanoma.
In the literature and clinical practice, several degrees of burns are distinguished. Most often, on the beach and outdoors, you can get 1st degree burns, affecting only the epidermis layer, which can be successfully treated by yourself. Long exposure to the bright sun with unprotected skin filter may result in permanent damage reaching the layer of the dermis. This type of burns – second or third degree, requires outpatient or inpatient treatment and you must absolutely not ignore them and refrain from consulting your doctor if they occur.
Symptoms of sunburn
The most common symptoms of first-degree burns include:
- redness – the skin may be slightly pink to bright red,
- burning – is a typical symptom of sunburn, especially troublesome in places irritated by clothes and underwear,
- bubbles – do not pierce them, secure them with a clean gauze pad,
- dry, flaky skin – occurs when your skin “heals” and symptoms disappear. It must not be peeled off, as it may damage the skin and leave permanent discoloration.
Home remedies for dealing with sunburn
If you have a I (slight) degree burn, you can help yourself. The panthenol foams and gels available in pharmacies are helpful. When planning your vacation, get them in advance. Some of them can be cooled and applied to the skin slightly cold. Thanks to this, they work better and the feeling of relief is greater.
An alternative to agents with panthenol are aloe gels. Aloe has been proven to treat sunburn for thousands of years. It regenerates the skin, moisturizes it, tones it and accelerates the healing process. Choose a preparation with the highest possible concentration of aloe, preferably without preservatives or stabilizers.
Probably everyone has heard about kefir and yogurt applied to sunburn. It is actually a good method to relieve burns. Lactic acid and fermentation bacteria have a positive effect on sun-irritated skin. When choosing this method, remember not to let the yoghurt dry on the skin. The crust formed in this way may additionally irritate the skin, and its removal is difficult and requires mechanical action, which is painful and may end in exacerbation of the condition.
Ultimately, you can relieve pain and discomfort with small doses of commonly available pain medications. Use them in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations and do not exceed the daily doses.
The most important prevention
Ways of alleviating sunburn can serve as a rescue in a difficult holiday situation. Remember, however, that sunburn, especially if repeated many times, promotes skin cancer (skin melanoma) and accelerates its aging. Use sunscreens with a high factor, apply them regularly and in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations (in a sufficiently large amount). Avoid spending time outdoors during the most sunshine hours (12.00-16.00). Protect your head with a hat and your eyes with sunglasses with a UV filter.